Obesity is having too much body fat. The body consists of water, protein, fat, carbohydrates, minerals, vitamins, bones, and muscle. When the body has too much fat you have a much higher risk of developing heart disease as well as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, and stroke.
Obesity increases the risks of heart disease since it raises the levels of cholesterol, lowers the good cholesterol, raises the blood pressure, and can cause diabetes. Even if a person does not have the any of the mentioned medical problems, obesity does highly increase the risks for heart disease. It is the major cause of gallbladder disease and harms the heart and the blood vessels as well as degenerative joint disease.
Obesity is caused generally by consuming more calories than used in physical activity or other daily activities. When too many calories or too much saturated fat, trans fat, and cholesterol is consumed, the levels of cholesterol in the blood rises increase the risks of heart disease.
To determine if a person is obese a test called body mass index or BMI is used to calculate the obesity factor. This type of test is widely used and even though it does not take into consideration the amount of muscle a person has, it is pretty accurate to determine the health levels of a person and their general amounts of body fat.
A standard measure, if a person is obese, is if the waistline in a woman is more than 35 inches and in a man is more than 40 inches, they are considered high risk for being obese.
Using the BMI to calculate the fat of the body use the following example:
Weight 150 pounds
Height 5’9″ = 69 inches
Divide the weight in pounds by the height in inches squared (69*69 = 4761) equals .0315 multiplied by 703 equals 22.14 BMI rate. The 22.14 is in the healthy range for body mass.
The BMI ranges for the body are 18.5 or less is considered underweight, 18.6 to 24.9 is considered healthy, 25.0 to 29.5 is considered overweight, and 30.0 or more is considered obese with 40.0 being considered extreme obesity.
To help prevent obesity eat a healthy diet of fresh fruits and vegetables with whole grains, less fat from meats such as fish, chicken and lean beef, and nuts. The foods with fewer fats will help with the risks of heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, arthritis, and obesity.
Add an exercise regime to your life style. Take up walking for thirty minutes every other day to get some physical activity in your life. Walk instead of driving places, including at work, when you usually take the elevator take the stairs instead.
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